Twenty-five years of interviews, photography, research and translation of documents on this camp are being added to this site with the goal of informing, publishing and connecting with survivors and other researchers. Please share your knowledge and experience and let us know if you would allow us to add your input to the site. Copies of CALL ME ANDRE or THE HELL OF ALSACE are available for purchase in hard copy for $50 each. Donorscan help fund the productionof this website and the translation of important documents and texts from the original French. Diana Mara Henry is available for speaking engagements about the camp and the resistance. These presentations can be tailored to the audience's background knowledge and age-approriate presentations. All materials not under other copyright are Copyright 1985-2014 Diana Mara Henry. Please contact  See also the exhibit: Vanishing Jews of Alsace   Views on this research : Testimonials               

                                         WEBSITE TERMS OF USE   Contact: with your questions, comments and suggestions. Thank you! Attention publishers: You may not reproduce without permission

Excellent links for the War on Israel:

Honest Reporting Media Watch

Photo Copyright © Diana Mara Henry


Chronology of the KLNa
Maps showing location of N-S

Photographs of the camp - outline of illustrated lecture

Most recent slide show about the KLNa

André Joseph Scheinmann, Freedom Fighter and Spy, slide show

Background of Presenter and endorsements of this project.

Presenter's Résumé / other website:

Testimonials by noted scholars




Jean Léger: KLNA, Kochem, Dachau, Allach,

wrote Petite Chronique de l'Horreur  Ordinaire

Oskar Klausenstock was in the slave labor camps

Joseph Scheinmann, aka André Peulevey:

Freedom Fighter and Spy: website

Jean Schmit : his family remembers

Ivan Stular : his family remembers

Franciszek Blachut: his family remembers

Eugène MarlotSac d'Os and L'Enfer d'Alsace

Henri Rosencher: Le Sel, La Cendre, La Flamme:

A Jewish fighter's story

Joseph Linden: KLNa / Neckar-Elz survivor

Roger Monty, #6992: his recent correspondence

Monsieur le Chanoine Hess, Catholic cleric, a prisoner

General Delestraint,Free French Commander,

imprisoned at Natzweiler

Boris Pahor: the KLNa's most honored literary figure

Floris Bakels Nacht und Nebel:

a Dutch proeminentem's memoir

Christian Ottosen and other Norwegians at Natzweiler

Arne Brun LieNight and Fog:

A Norwegian survivor's book, podcast and film

Bombardier Alfred George JONES and others remembered: see links for

Johnny Hopper, Nacht und Nebel, and Seeing through the Fog

Wikipedia's info on other survivors:

Xavier, Duke of Parma

Tadeusz Borowski, author of  This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen

Alf Martinius Grindrud

Haakon Sørbye

Brian Stonehouse


(Colored tirangles represent some of the categories of prisoners at the KLNa including, from top: French political prisoner, man with no nationality, common criminal, German, Jehovah's Witness, Gypsy, Asocial, Homosexual, Jew, Jewish political prisoner.There were more...)

More information and links:

A film from the US Holocaust Memorial Museum

Order to remove Jews from the concentration camps


The "Nacht und Nebel" decree - now "Enforced Disappearance"

The Gas Chamber

-CAUTION GRAPHIC - Nazi doctors at Natzweiler,

and the burial of the bodies of the 86 Jews from Auschwitz who were gassed

The story of two Belgium Jewish women who were gassed

SS Decree of October 10, 1942 to "cleanse all concentration camps of Jews"

Pastor Niemoller's statement

Judy Chicago and Donald Woodman's Holocaust Project

•A monument to those who perished at the KLNa

is dedicated at Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

Schirmeck connection

Natzweiler's 70 Kommandos - slave labor dependencies

Forced Labor 1939-1945 Memory and History website

New book published about Kommando Bisingen

Visiting the camp

The Camp's Website

YouTube links for Natzweiler

French youth remember:

An 8th grade class sets up markers

Concours National de la Résistance et de la Déportation:

Every year a different theme is given for students to work on.

In 2011-2012 it was resistance in the camps, with documents from

The Musée de la Résistance et de la Déportation of Besançon

No one can write an exhaustive book on a concentration camp, but one can certainly try to indicate all its aspects, resources for further study, and questions posed by its operational structure in the context of the other Konzentrationslagers, Nazi ideology, and Europe at war.

This site creates a scholarly and publications center (Natzweiler Press) for the tragic and little-known concentration camp of Natzweiler-Struthof, (to the SS: KLNa) the only Nazi Konzentrationslager located in France, operating between 1941 and 1944 for the slave labor and brutal destruction of an (almost) exclusively non-Jewish population and the gassing and “medical” experimentation on Jews and Gypsies.

Besides these aspects which it shares with many other camps, KLNa has certain more remarkable aspects. It became, for example, the primary center for the punishment of the category of political prisoners known as "NN." Their "Nacht und Nebel" status was determined by specific decree and judicial procedures practically unknown in the US today, where "Night and Fog" is thought to represent the quality of existence in the camps rather than the specific sentence under the NN Erlass (OKW Commander Keitel's decree) accorded some of those deemed most dangerous resistors and saboteurs of the Third Reich.

The camp was accorded “Category III” status, and like Matthausen, which detroyed Spanish Communists in its quarry under conditions of staggering overwork and cruelty, Natzweiler was used to destroy Russians under similar conditions at its quarry site, while two dozen other European nationalities suffered famine, untreated disease, physical and mental abuse, and medical experimentation in the central camp and its 70 exterior slave labor sites (Kommandos).

This is why all the nations of Europe, including the Roma and Sinti, are represented at the yearly commemoration ceremonies at the camp, a French national historic monument: survivor memoirs of the camp exist in their native languages of Slovene, Dutch, Norwegian, French and English.

By force of the years which now separate us from the tragic events, the survivor literature of the camp is nearly complete, barring certain memoirs which may yet come to light and be published posthumously. I have collected dozens of them and will present excerpts of them all, both to illustrate the coherence of their descriptions of the same brutal acts and the unique qualities of individual memory, and to pay tribute to the heroes who lived in our time. You are welcome to contact and to add your documentation.- Diana Henry

Natzweiler-Struthof Weblog

To be uploaded, available on request:

Nuremburg Documents

Memorial page of names

“Liberation” of the camp
Dachau connection
Escape from NS

Videos and Films


Essay: "Life Was Not Beautiful":

the memoirs of Natzweiler-Struthof

presented at the Association for Jewish Studies

41st Annual conference, Los Angeles, 12/22/2009


Diana Mara Henry presents the memoirs of André Scheinmann at THE 40TH ANNUAL SCHOLARS’ CONFERENCE ON THE HOLOCAUST AND THE CHURCHES
MARCH 6 – 8, 2010
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA: Paper published in the Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Vol. 46, #4


The new museum at Natzweiler and links to European resources

CERD's "Documents Pedagogiques"

More worksheets for students from the

Musée de la Résistance et de la Déportation in Besançon....

DMH photograph of Eugene Marlot overlooks a ceremony of the CERD

Contact: with your questions, comments and suggestions. Thank you


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